Effectiveness of the Housing Policy: A Comparative Analysis
Introduction. The quantitative assessment of the housing policy effectiveness in the context of the solving of a housing problem gives the possibility to estimate governments programs and tools in the given area and choose the most efficient of them.Purpose. Given the lack of the scientific papers devoted quantitative assessments of housing policy, the main purpose of the given article is developing of approach for the numerical estimation the housing policy effectiveness considering the complexity and variety tools which are simultaneously used by the government to solve the housing problem.Results. Proposed four-level model of the state housing policy allows maximally consider the complexity and ambiguity of the problems which must be solved in housing sphere and takes into account market development (economic efficiency) and performance of the government non-market tools (social efficiency). Using this approach, the effectiveness in 2015 only 14.29% (maximal value 100%) and decreasing trend of the housing policy in Ukraine within 2011-2015 have been received (the effectiveness was 35.7%). The main problems in housing policy in Ukraine were determined as increasing the gap between building activities and possibilities to use of the market and non-market tools to solve housing problems by citizens. Basing on received results concluded that housing policy in the UK has the higher effectiveness than in Ukraine.Conclusions. The main problem of housing policy in Ukraine was determined as the inconsistency ofthe positive trend inbuilding activity and solving the housing problems of neediest.Received results show that experience and the practical tools which are used in the UK within housing policy will be useful to explore and implementation by Ukraine's Government. Of particular interest are the instruments of transfer of new social and private homes to rent to citizens with limited resources.