Clustering in Education

Abdul Rahmat
European Research Studies Journal, Volume XX, Issue 3A, 311-324, 2017
EOI: 10.11214/thalassinos.20.04.020

Abstract:

This study aims to find out every educational institution has a unique style of leadership and has a tendency of closeness with certain leadership indicators. The method used in this research is cluster analysis belonging to interdependent analytical technique and aims to mapping based on grouping of leadership variable in nonformal education in Gorontalo province 2017. This analysis is done by placing observation simultaneously to then do the calculation as reference Profiling characteristic descriptions of each cluster to explain the differences that occur in each indicator.The researcher compiled a questionnaire in measuring the leadership type of multifactor leadership questionnaire. The standard deviation data results from each indicator are used in hierarchical and non-hierarchical cluster analysis. The results showed 1). These clusters of educational institutions have a transformational leadership model and emphasize the leaders' charism and especially the motivation of their members. 2). This cluster of educational institutions has a transactional leadership model but has a combination of transformational leadership characteristics, especially motivation.This cluster can be called Transactional and Motivational, 3). These clusters can be interpreted as educational institutions that have a transformational leadership model but have a combination of transactional leadership characteristics, especially exceptions. These clusters can be called Transformational and Exceptions, 4). These clusters can be interpreted as educational institutions that have a transformational leadership model and emphasize the leader's charism and especially the intellectual stimulation of its members. This cluster can be called Transformational Intellectual and Charismatic.Research suggestions that the transformational model or transactional model is the best model that can be used to achieve the best results in accordance with the conditions that exist in each unit of non-formal education.


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