Advancing Success in Behavior and Activities as One of Conditions for Development of Self-Esteem with Children
Problem of development of self-esteem under the modern conditions is very actual and significant. Personality is determined in the center of a new mindview, and this guarantees success in formation of new society. This is related to certain requirements to personality of transforming society, necessity for formation of people who think and can stand for themselves and their relatives. Analysis of philosophical (N.А. Berdyaev, I. Kant, etc.) and psychological (B.G. Ananyev, А.G. Asmolov, L.S. Vygotsky, А.N. Leontyev, S.L. Rubinstein, etc.) research allows viewing self-esteem as iterative quality of human personality, in interconnection with sense of life, responsibility, inherent worth, self-respect, etc. The works of the scientists do not fully analyze psychological and pedagogical foundations of self-esteem: moral value of personality and logics of their development with children. A moral “vacuum” appears on conscience, which is a threat to children – therefore, there are unsolved contradictions between need in moral development of a child and his state at the current moment. The purpose of the research is to theoretically substantiate and experimentally prove the effectiveness of development of self-esteem with over-fives with advancing success in behavior and activities. Authenticity and substantiation of scientific provisions are provided by initial methodological provisions, their correspondence to modern tendencies of development of the system of pre-school education; use of complex of methods which conform to the purpose, tasks, and object of the research; accuracy and duration of experimental work. The research allowed proving the possibility for effective development of self-esteem with children ages 5-7 in the process of stage-by-stage organization (motivational, educational, pre-educational) of advancing success in behavior and activities. As a result of the conducted forming experiment, children offered various methods of manifestation of self-esteem, using words, gestures, and tactile reactions. They treated each other and adults with respect, sympathized and helped them if necessary. They valued their achievements and talked about them.