Exploring the Impact of Green Areas on Crime Rates in Urban Environments
Purpose: The purpose of this study is to comprehensively investigate the influence of green areas on crime rates in urban environments. By examining existing literature, considering various mechanisms of influence, this research aims to provide a nuanced understanding of how green spaces can contribute to urban safety. The study seeks to identify the types of crimes that are decreased or increased by the presence of green areas and the specific factors that determine these effects. Design/Methodology/Approach: This paper employs a multi-disciplinary approach, combining extensive literature review, to investigate the relationship between green spaces and crime rates in urban environments. Findings: The findings reveal a complex relationship between green spaces and crime rates in urban areas, with well-designed and well-maintained green areas associated with reduced property crimes and certain types of violent crimes. However, poorly maintained green spaces may attract criminal activities, potentially increasing vandalism, drug-related offenses, and loitering, emphasizing the importance of proper planning and management of urban green areas. Practical Implications: The study's results have practical implications for urban planners and policymakers, highlighting the importance of investing in and maintaining green spaces to promote safety and reduce certain types of crimes in cities. Properly designed and well-kept green areas can act as crime deterrents, fostering community well-being and enhancing the quality of urban life. Originality/Value: This study's originality lies in its comprehensive exploration of the diverse ways in which green areas influence crime rates in urban environments, encompassing both the reduction and potential increase in various types of crimes. The research adds value by providing a nuanced understanding of the relationship between green areas and crime, offering insights that can inform more effective urban planning and crime prevention strategies, contributing to safer and more sustainable cities.