Cyberspace as a Source of New Threats to the Security of the European Union
Purpose: The main aim of this article is to characterize threats in the cyber domain affecting the security of European Union (EU) member states. Design/Methodology/Approach: The primary research question is formulated as follows: Does the European Union play a significant role in shaping cybersecurity? Correspondingly, the hypothesis adopted to address the research question is as follows: The EU takes actions to enhance resilience against cyberattacks. In the initial section of the article, fundamental concepts of cyber security and cyberspace are defined. Subsequently, EU tools, Union legal regulations, as well as the obligations of key entities pertaining to cyber threats are presented. The main part of the article provides a detailed characterization of new and major threats to EU member states Findings: The European Union plays a significant role in shaping European cybersecurity, primarily through legislation and its subordinate institutions, which are intended to prevent and rapidly and effectively respond to emerging and new cyber threats. Practical implications: The study relies on the latest research presented in documents and reports in the field of cybersecurity, published between 2020-2022 by international organizations. Additionally, an analysis is conducted based on recent scholarly articles. Information is also sourced from national legal acts and documents published by European Union authorities. Originality/Value: This article addresses security management issues related to the field of cybersecurity, which constitutes a new challenge in light of the rapid development of technology and emerging cyber threats in cyberspace.