State of Κnowledge of Μedical Staff about LGBT People in Poland and Ukraine
Purpose: Determination of the essence of the tolerant potential of society, its formation and the socially responsible attitude of medical personnel in the model of mutual respect and trust in society, including its popularization and attempts to assess the level of tolerance/discrimination in the field of providing medical services in the "doctor-patient" relationship in relation to LGBT people on the example of the two countries of Poland and Ukraine. Design/Methodology/Approach: Rethinking the complexities of the mechanism of strengthening the tolerant potential of society towards LGBT people, based on attitudes and mutual respect, professional ethics, religious beliefs and socio-political stability, etc. In the period from March to February 2023, a bibliographic search was conducted in Cuiden, LILACS, PubMed, Dialnet, SciELO, Trip Database, Scopus and Web of Science databases and metasearch systems. Inclusion criteria: Articles published in the last 5 years that address the specific needs, experiences, and perceptions of LGBT people in the area of rights protection and non-discrimination in health care. In this document, 120 respondents among the medical staff of hospitals are taken as the research object (30 people from Poland and 30 people from Ukraine) and representatives of LGBT people who sought medical help at hospitals (30 people from Poland and 30 people from Ukraine) from December 2022 to March 2023. Findings: The study shows that there is an inequality of tolerant potential between groups of respondents from Poland and Ukraine, it is based on the level of stress of minorities, sexual orientation and gender identity, which as a result forms tolerant potential in attitudes towards LGBT people. Practical Implications: The results of the study make it possible to create prerequisites for strengthening the tolerant potential in society, and inclusion in the essence of its components will contribute to rethinking and stimulation in the field of medical services at the local level for LGBT people. Originality/Value: Previously used approaches did not foresee the specifics of strengthening and evaluating the tolerant potential of LGBT people. In the article, we use a spatial model that helps solve complex tasks related to the analysis of the interaction of subjects and decision-making in the provision of medical services to LGBT people. The proposed solutions reveal the essence of the problem and demonstrate the results of interaction in "doctor-patient" relations with respect to LGBT people on the example of the two countries of Poland and Ukraine. On the basis of this information, there is an opportunity to develop a number of measures to strengthen the tolerant potential in the field of medical services at the local level towards LGBT people.