Conditions for Organizing Access Infrastructure of Postal Operators Providing Universal Services in Sweden and Poland
Purpose: The aim of the article is to recognize the determinants regarding the solutions applied in the organization of access infrastructure (service point infrastructure) by dominant postal operators providing universal services in Sweden and Poland. The identification of the influence of these determinants makes it possible to attempt to establish whether and to what extent they imply the current economic condition and market position of these entities. Design/Methodology/Approach: The fundamental research tool employed in the article is a rational approach to postal policy issues, utilizing factor analysis methodology, including a systemic perspective. Additionally, the method of critical analysis of the subject literature and the observational method with the utilization of arguments supporting generalized propositions were applied. Findings: The conducted deliberations have enabled the identification of key determinants influencing the organization of access infrastructure by dominant postal operators providing universal services in Poland and Sweden. Concerning the operations of the Swedish operator, PostNord Sverige AB, the pivotal significance of economic conditions in the aforementioned matter was identified. In the case of the Polish operator, Poczta Polska S.A., political and social aspects emerged as the most significant determinants. Practical Implications: The conducted deliberations can serve as significant material for political and economic decision-makers, especially in Poland, highlighting issues and potential solutions concerning the shaping of access infrastructure for designated postal operators. Originality/Value: The presented issue has not been previously addressed in discussions published on the international forum.