The Influence of Inflation on the Economic Situation of Households in Poland

Szwacka-Mokrzycka Joanna, Marzena Lemanowicz
European Research Studies Journal, Volume XXVI, Issue 3, 119-132, 2023
DOI: 10.35808/ersj/3201


Purpose: After several years of deflation, one should not be surprised by emerging consumer inflation. We are facing this situation in the Polish market from 2017 onwards. In 2022 it even intensified and changed into galloping inflation, i.e., a double-digit number expresses the price increase percentage. The general objective of the article is to present the main causes of inflation and its deepening consequences for society, as well as to indicate the direction of measures to be taken to curb inflation in Poland. Design/Methodology/Approach: The study is based on primary and secondary sources of information. The secondary information source for this research was the data from Central Statistical Office GUS, Eurostat. The analysis included the years 2015-2022, which enabled capturing the inflation situation and changes in income, expenditure and consumption in Polish households. The source of primary information was the results of our own research. The level of nutritional needs satisfaction of households has been estimated based on econometric analysis methods. The evaluated elasticity factors constituted the factual basis for performing quality and quantity assessment of consumption structure. Findings: The research results touched on the main causes and directions of measures to curb inflation in Poland. The findings of the presented study point to the fact that there is a significant relationship between the level of inflation and the consumption behaviour of households. The low level of income-poor households determines the level of consumption needs saturation. The decrease in the level of satisfying lower-order food needs in the analysed period is the result of an increase in the income elasticity of demand. Practical Implications: The paper provides the results of research that help decision-makers and marketers to determine economic policy to curb inflation in Poland. Originality / Value: The paper presents the original methodological approach for estimating the level of food needs saturation. The assessment of the saturation of food needs in Poland based on the consumption elasticity of demand coefficients constituted a continuation of research conducted by authors in the 90s of the past century. The conducted analysis of changes in food consumption of Polish households in the years 2015-2021 demonstrates the inconsistency with the results from the authors' previous years, where the opposite tendency was shown

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