Model of an Integrated Ecological System Nature - Man - Technology - Culture

Marek Dutkowski
European Research Studies Journal, Volume XXVI, Issue 2, 255-268, 2023
DOI: 10.35808/ersj/3167


Purpose: The aim of this article is to propose a synthetic approach in the form of a model of an integrated ecological system Nature-Man-Technology-Culture. Design/methodology/approach: The article is theoretical. To achieve the research goal, six studies were carried out: 1. Analysis of the vast philosophical literature and the achievements of the natural, social, humanistic, technical, medical sciences and others 2. Formulation of partial conclusions in the form of identification of individual ecological relationships 3. Adoption of a systemic methodology assuming distinguishing system components and relations between them based on flows 4. Formulating ecological relations in a systemic approach - distinguishing energy-material and information flows 5. Specifying energy-material relations as flows of energy and animate and inanimate matter 6. Specifying information relations as flows human sensory information as well as economic, scientific, technical and other social information. Findings: They are presented in the summary. It can be added that the proposed model of an integrated ecological system Nature-Man-Technology-Culture is real and complete and includes all the components and relationships among them that are conducted in scientific research. Practical implications: A novelty is the joint approach to the relationship between man and the environment and artificial and natural. A novelty is the distinction of the Human component, covering all living people - their bodies and minds - senses, knowledge, memory and emotions. The intangible effects of the work of people's minds and their mutual communication create Culture. Originality/Value: The proposed model of an integrated ecological system Nature-Man-Technology-Culture takes into account the four components of the reality of the earth's shell and all 12 ecological relations between them. Due to the multidisciplinarity of disciplines dealing with human impact on the environment, there is a need for synthetic approaches enabling their mutual understanding. So far, the proposed approaches are incomplete and do not take into account the separate divisions rooted in philosophy and science into man and his environment, and into what is natural and what is artificial.

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