Preparation of Managers and Conditions of Benefiting from the Human Potential of Disabled Persons
Purpose: The scientific goal is to conduct the analysis, diagnosis and to draw conclusions in the scope of the state, situation and possibility of benefiting from the human capital of the persons with disabilities in the enterprises of the open labor market. Design/Methodology/Approach: Withing the framework of the conducted research the quality methods were used, in addition to the quantity ones. Within the quality research the desk research was implemented and what is more, individual extended interviews. However, in the framework of the quantity methods, the questionnaire was used. 1st Stage of the research- The analysis of the available knowledge by the desk research method. 2nd Stage of the research – individual in-depth interviews.3rd Stage of the researched –The questionnaire. Findings: The Polish government conducted the first breakthrough reform in the model of subsidizing, its decision was to equalize the amount of endowments from the 2nd quarter of 2014 to salaries of the disabled employees performing on the open and protected labor market. It seems however that enabling the employers of the open labor market to profit from the present tools of support on the rules similar to the protected labor market does not guarantee the growth of benefiting from the human capital of the disabled persons on this market. Some other aspects may prove to be decisive here, such as: the readiness of employers to provide jobs to the disabled persons and also the attitudes of the following stakeholders- the disabled persons. Practical Implications: Low effectiveness and efficacy of benefiting from the human potential of the people with disabilities in the enterprises of the open labor market is the result not only of the unfavorable macro economic conditions but also in a greater extent due to the lack of inefficient readiness of enterprises of the open labor market to employ the disabled persons. Originality/Value: In the light of contemporary challenges of the demographic and economic areas of Europe a significant meaning commences to have the notion of the human potential of the people with disabilities. The review of the situation of the people with disabilities in Poland and as well in comparison with the countries of the EU provides the basis to ponder that the problematics of management of the human potential of the people with disabilities is not only considerable social issue but also unequivocally significant in the economic scope.The results of the research and recommendations may be useful in the search for ways to more fully use the potentials of the people with disabilities in Poland.