The Impact of the Coronavirus and the War in Ukraine on the Development of Logistics Operators in Poland

Jedrzej Jankowski-Guzy, Monika Kaminska
European Research Studies Journal, Volume XXV, Issue 2B, 116-125, 2022
DOI: 10.35808/ersj/2941


Purpose: The purpose of this article is to investigate the impact of coronavirus and war on the development of Polish logistics operators. Do they intend to limit their development, do they plan to invest in modern technologies, and are they examining the risks that have emerged at the moment? Design/Methodology/Approach: The study used two-stage questionnaires for experts. The study was developed on the basis of the Delphi method. The authors wanted to obtain answers from experts belonging to several groups, therefore they decided to conduct the research in accordance with the interpretation of Hsu and Sandford (2007), the Delphi method facilitates the process of group communication and allows gathering information from many groups. The method assumes the objective judgment of experts by asking questions with feedback in several stages Findings: It was possible to obtain information that logistics operators have a significant increase in costs, but at the moment mainly related to fuel. They fear that the remaining costs will also increase soon. Increased demand gives them hope for better financial results, which will allow them to invest in the development of enterprises. Practical Implications: Enterprises continue to focus on development, not less delaying it in time. Only small enterprises have a problem with financial liquidity. The war in Ukraine and the coronavirus epidemic influenced logistics operators and each of them attaches great importance to the risk of running a business in such difficult times. Originality/Value: This paper primarily analyzes the results of research with experts on logistics operators. It helps to find out about current problems in the logistics industry and talks about their causes. It indicates possible benefits and negative threats for logistics operators

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