Are the Sheltered Employment Workshops Still Necessary? - Change Factor and Market Conditions
Purpose: The paper fits into the social aspects of disability. The main objective of the study is to determine the change coefficient, which would make it possible to predict economic aspects related to the social demand for the number of Sheltered Employment Workshops (SEW) on the Commercial Labor Market (CLM). Design/Methodology/Approach: The study uses source literature analysis, empirical and quantitative research: time series analysis and linear regression analysis. The time series analysis made it possible to study the dynamics and needs directions of the number of Sheltered Employment Workshops (SEW) on the Commercial Labor Market (CLM). Linear regression analysis was used to investigate the correlation between SEW and CLM. Empirical research was enriched with an own survey that confirms the social trend. Findings: The results of the research confirmed the hypothesis. Studies have shown that the change coefficient is decreasing, which coincides with the social feeling of the surveyed group of respondents. Practical Implications: The article will define the determinants of the social and political aspects of the disability community in Poland. These determinants include the number of Sheltered Employment Workshops (SEW) on the Commercial Labor Market (CLM), the percentage of respondents in the surveyed group expressing their social feelings, and political state. Originality/Value: Based on the analysis of the literature, a research gap was identified in terms of the social aspects of disability in the concept of labor market. This study will contribute to the knowledge on the labor market condition, including the group of people, who still are not integrated part of our community. The study also contributes to the open discussion on the possibility of professional activation of people with disabilities and can be used in the creation of the state, local government and local policy in the studied area.