Effect of Sea Temperature on Crude Oil Spill Condition – Simulator Pisces II
Purpose: The purpose of this study was to analyze influence of sea temperature on oil spill at constant air temperature. The possibility of using computer simulation to predict the behavior of oil spills at sea enables both to make better use of the forces and resources at their disposal to control them. Therefore, an attempt was made to analyze effect of selected simulation parameters (related to hydro meteorological conditions) on the response of the oil spill depending on the type of spill (type of oil spilled) under the same simulated weather conditions. Methodology: The study was conducted using a Pisces II oil spill simulator. Crude oil at various densities (light, medium and heavy) was tested at different sea water temperatures. Findings: On the basis of the research carried out, data were obtained showing the relationship between temperature and the physical properties of crude oil. Practical Implications: Researches presented can have direct influence in studies regarding the effectiveness of Oil spill cleaning up operations. Originality/Value: Studies conducted under simulated conditions have shown the relationship of oil spill behavior to existing hydro meteorological conditions.