Corruption in Polish Organizations
Purpose: The primary purpose of the paper is to define the roots, causes, and other issues related to the phenomenon of corruption in Polish organisations as well as to provide recommendations as to how corruption may be prevented in Polish. Design/Methodology/Approach: A social survey, questionnaire-based research and statistical analysis methods as the Mann-Whitney U test and Kruskal-Wallis test. Findings: The paper shows significant correlations occurring for differences and correlations by socio-economic characteristics of the respondents and the corruption problems uncovered by the research. The conclusions present the corrupt and corrupted persons in the Polish organisations. Their characteristics result from the statistical analysis. In addition, a statistical characteristic of an employee of a Polish organisation who represented an anti-corruption stance is shown. Practical Implications: The paper helps to understand the essence and problems of corruption and, also the ways of preventing it in Polish organisations. The work has practical significance for people in power – managers, civil servants and politicians. Originality/Value: With the Corruption Perception Index and Democracy Index values increasingly unfavourable for Polish organisations, and the resulting status of “flawed democracy”, effective anti-corruption management practices must be found.