Subject and Situational Determinants of Well-Being in the Police
Purpose: The article presents the characteristics of subjective and situational determinants of well-being in the Police as one of the types of disposition groups. The authors devoted a lot of space to the identification of the concepts that make up well-being and disposition groups. The aim of the study was to investigate the relationship between well-being in the workplace and the effectiveness of the organisation. Design/Methodology/Approach: The analysis of well-being in the Police relates to subjective and situational determinants. It is based on the available literature, critical analysis of available statistical data and surveys. Findings: The well-being is important for the mental and physical health of Police officers. It also influences professional effectiveness and translates into measurable benefits in the workplace. The effects of poor mental health include loss of productivity and costs related to absenteeism or ineffective performance of work tasks. Burnout is a special case of mental ill- health resulting from long-term procedures and unresolved work stress. This discrete syndrome is often in people exposed to strong stressors at work and who have a high level of responsibility for their own and others' safety. Practical Implications: Taking into account the data contained in the study, it appears that well-being in the Police is of great importance for the effectiveness of the organisation. It results not only from the specificity of the work, but mainly from the expectations related to an appropriate (high) monetary remuneration. The subjective and situational context of the research means that the configuration and hierarchy of other factors (leadership, stress, physical security, control, etc.) have a greater or lesser degree of impact on well-being, but are not decisive. Originality/Value: The analysis is original as there is little work on police well-being are and the relationship to the effectiveness of this safety-critical organisation.