Analysis of Enterprises’ Readiness in for Industry 4.0 Implementation: The Case of Poland

Joanna Rosak-Szyrocka, Justyna Zywiolek, Ewa Kulinska, Marek Matulewski
European Research Studies Journal, Volume XXIV, Issue 3, 615-628, 2021
DOI: 10.35808/ersj/2374


Purpose: The paper aims to analyze the readiness of enterprises in Poland for industry 4.0 implementation with taking into consideration its barriers as well reasons of implementing industry 4.0. Design/Methodolology/Approach: The research was conducted by means of diagnostics opinion CAWI (Computer Assisted Web Interview) questionnaire. The research was conducted by means of diagnostics opinion CAWI (Computer Assisted Web Interview) questionnaire among 40 respondents (owners/employees) of enterprises located in various regions of Poland. Findings: Entrepreneurs clearly indicate their fears, but also the opportunities that such implementation brings with. During the research, many entrepreneurs were afraid of costs, even before the initial cost-effectiveness analysis of the implementation. Low social awareness of what industry 4.0 is the reason why it is not understood and implemented in a limited way. It also shows the power between the understanding of the principles of industry 4.0 and its visible manifestations in the enterprise. The dependencies shown by the conducted study were also analyzed. The strength of qualitative and qualitative relationships is shown by the Pearson C coefficient, showing which of the factors has an impact on the studied enterprises. Originality/Value: The study also showed that implementation is not dependent on financial outlays but on the involvement of employees and middle management, which may indicate that it is treated as an industry challenge and depends on the company's readiness for implementation. The results of this article may serve as the basis for future research.

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