Road Transport in Poland - Status and Development Prospects

Bartosz Zakrzewski, Katarzyna Szopik-Depczynska
European Research Studies Journal, Volume XXIV, Issue 2B, 276-289, 2021
DOI: 10.35808/ersj/2233


Purpose: The purpose of this article is to present the arguments that motor vehicle transport in Poland has a significant impact on the economic development of the country, not only creating prospects for the development of the Polish army (modern equipment and armaments) but providing citizens of the Republic of Poland with the opportunity to move safely from place to place with modern car fleet on newly built roads. Methodology: Statistical information collected from available sources and reports is the basis for the analyses presented in the article. The primary research method is observation, analysis, and inference. Available source materials from Polish statistical institutions and ministerial ones have been analyzed, and the industry transport journals. Findings: Motor vehicle transport has a significant share in generating GDP. Since 1990, motor vehicle transport in Poland has been developing rapidly and over the last 30 years has been significantly stimulating the economy, created jobs, was the leaven of the scientific and technical progress, made a significant contribution to exports, promoted local investments, and created conditions for cooperation with other industries and science. Practical Implications: Many detailed threads have only been mentioned and are waiting for further development. However, the most important is the decision on the Polish state's support for the further development of the Polish automotive industry, which in the long term will contribute to the security of the Polish state and its inhabitants. Originality/Value: The lack of a synthetic study illustrating Polish motor vehicle transport development in the last 30 years has been identified. The article analyzes Polish motor vehicle transport in the years 1991-2020, comprising the analysis of the current condition of motor vehicle transport in Poland and its perspectives in the next few years.

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