Mountain Rescue in Non-Profit Organizations: Interdisciplinary Research Spectrum in Mountain Tourism
Purpose: The purpose of the presented article is to fill the existing epistemological gap in the analyzed phenomenon, which will be filled with aspects of mountain rescue in non-profit organizations. In connection with the above, certain issues may meet with the interest of the world of science, which will expand the research horizons and theoretical perspectives of the analyzed social processes. In addition, the article may become a contribution to the increase in the publishing activity and development of a bibliographic base, that is a literary source of scientific knowledge in the field of activities of non-profit mountain rescue organizations. This article is the first study that is a synthesis of scientific achievements in the field of professional mountain rescue. It is a compilation of the most important research results published so far in the field of saving people in the mountains. Design/Methodology/Approach: The research used a theoretical analysis focused on the presentation of source literature and a literature review showing the directions, areas and research issues in the studied thematic area, mountain rescue. Findings: Mountain rescue is an interdisciplinary phenomenon and process that includes knowledge and skills in many fields and scientific disciplines. Among the sciences that significantly affect the practical functioning of mountain rescue, the following can be identified: medical sciences, health sciences, technical and engineering sciences as well as social sciences. Practical Implications: The further development of research on the presented aspects of mountain rescue leads to the improvement of rescue strategies and techniques used in them. Knowledge of the presented research areas allows scientists to constantly deepen their research and theory in this field: technology for rescue and transport, life functions of the human body in mountain accident conditions and human behavior during mountain activity. Originality/value: The activities of mountain rescue organizations include various forms of conducting rescue operations, which include the following aspects: medical and therapeutic, logistics and transport, meteorological, technological, psychosocial and, last but not least, competence and training.