Effectiveness of Intersectoral Competition in Shaping the Transport Market
Purpose: The aim of the paper is to identify basic factors influencing the level of effectiveness of actions taken in the intersectoral transport market. The research undertaken in this area is aimed at demonstrating the importance and impact of stimulants and obstacles in shaping a favorable model of intersectoral competition. Design/Methodology/Approach: The research was based on the available literature, analyses of statistical data and original empirical research, supplemented by industry interviews. The structure of the study was based on the selection of three transport routes and the assessment of the effectiveness and efficiency of passenger service on them, under conditions of intersectoral competition among car, rail and air transport entities. Findings: Results of empirical research showed that in the discussed market, the highest efficiency of competition was achieved in the provision of car, lower in rail and the lowest in airservices. In the resulting model of competition, a resource of basic stimulants and determinants were specified, the analysis and importance of which may be useful in improving this competition system. Practical Implications: Growing intensity of intersectoral competition increases the interest of providers in the development of intermodal transport, the need to seek innovative solutions, and in some cases, to adapt to current market requirements. New solutions must consider the improvement of the quality and completeness of a consumer service, as well as increasing the price flexibility. Originality/Value: Results of the conducted research indicate that enterprises, while providing substitute services on the intersectoral market, are entering increasingly difficult requirements of shaping the market advantage (EU). In this situation, there is an urgent need to activate demand preferences, mainly by improving the quality, availability, competence, timeliness, responsibility and security of service provision.