Phraseological System of Russian: How to Train Foreigners?
The studying of the phraseological system of Russian supposes not just the knowledge or the acquisition of abilities to use it but the development of pupils to use other languages for communication. The specifics of the perception of phraseological units are defined by the native language and by the second and the next following foreign languages. The figurative structure of the native language therefore accounting of the native language of pupils, features the culture of language, becoming the important didactic principle for the Russian phraseological units. For training in the Russian phraseological units, it is necessary to use two main types of means: the natural language environment with all its extralinguistic components and various supportive applications creating more or less expressed illusion of familiarizing with the natural language environment. A necessary element of work on the phraseological system of Russian is the semantization of phraseological units. In disclosure of value of a phraseological unit, the image defining its lexical - semantic structure is the key. The work on phraseological units by foreign audience has to assume disclosure of value of a phraseological unit by means of interpretation, transfer and a semantic guess and fixing based on specially developed exercises and texts.