Business Valuation and Equity Management When Entering the IPO Market
The economic independence of any state is the basis of the welfare of the country’s population. Starting from 2011, the Republic of Kazakhstan has been working on the financial stabilization of its core assets by transferring leading national companies to an IPO. Formation and development of the IPO market requires conducting various economic analyses and determining the effectiveness of innovative design solutions involved in this direction. One of such activities is the corporate asset valuation of the enterprise entering the IPO market. As a rule, each asset has its own internal base value, which is estimated depending on the character of cash flows, the rate of their growth and the degree of future risk. As a result of the evaluation, the enterprise will have an idea of the life cycle of the project being invested, a pattern of cash flow will be revealed and a discount rate will be determined in order to determine the present value. At the initial stage of the IPO market formation in Kazakhstan, major national companies with long life cycles possessing a sufficient number of assets were identified as the main participants of the project. To participate in an IPO one should know the basic rules of investment, trade mechanisms and features, as well as the law regulating these issues.