Legal Status of Artificial Intelligence Across Countries: Legislation on the Move
The paper explores current legal regulation on Artificial Intelligence (AI) across countries. The research argues that special emphasis should be laid to the prospective of treating AI as an autonomous legal personality, separate subject of law and control. The article identifies major approaches in legislation and practice on state regulation of AI and explores a number of current options: AI as a subject of law introduced into national legislation without prior background, AI as a subject of law equal to a person, and regulated or not regulated by separate rules of law, etc. The research rested on qualitative approach to study. The materials included national and international legislation, academic and media data. The study stood on the comparative legal analysis, integrated legal interpretation and modeling. The research findings laid grounds for preliminary recommendations on legal drafting with regard to AI status as that of autonomous legal personality. They can be used for national legislation development, further research on legal aspects of robotic AI.