Principles of the Development of Medical Legal Framework in Russia: Economic Factors and Legal Realities
The article touches upon economic factors affecting the formation of the medical legal system in Russia. In connection with the strained economic situation in the world worsened by the sanctions pressure on the Russian Federation, it becomes obvious that national legal framework is facing new challenges to ensure the standards of universal human values on its territory. The key idea of this article is the point that the state in an unstable economy needs a fundamentally stable system of legal regulation of medical activity. The author's opinion is based on the fact that modern Russian legislation is not fully based on economic realities, on the possibilities of fulfilling the state standards of medical care. Despite the somewhat significant difference in national legal orders, the Europe-wide trend is aimed at the maximum possible protection of medical interests of both national residents and those who have accepted the financial conditions of the national medical system. Nevertheless, Russian legislation recognizes possible limitations in the provision of medical care, especially its high-tech types, to foreign citizens if the latter do not fully reimburse the costs of such assistance directly or through the medical insurance system. The authors insist on the need to maintain a balance of personal and public interests in solving legal issues of all population segments in health care in accordance with European practice.