Prospects for Using Cryptocurrency in the Economy of Kazakhstan and the Attitude of the National Bank
The modern stage of the evolution of money is associated with the development of virtual economy as part of the global economic system based on interactive business on the ground of information technologies. The development of new forms of money is due to the activation and deepening of the information sphere and information society. Due to such conditions and the impact of technological innovation, economic science acquires a new meaning; significant changes take place in all spheres of economic activity, including the financial sector. The manifestation of such changes is the transfer of transactions into the electronic format, the emergence of new means of payment, the latest payment instruments and systems. The paper considers the main features of cryptocurrencies, with attention to the most popular and widespread of them - Bitcoin. Based on the expert survey and literature, the attitude of the central banks of foreign countries and the National Bank of Kazakhstan regarding the recognition and regulation of cryptocurrency have been analyzed, and conclusions about the prospects for using cryptocurrency in Kazakhstan have been made.