Social Equity: A Route to Progressive Taxation of Individuals

N.V. Philippova, R.G. Akhmadeev, O.A. Bykanova, L.A. Chaykovskaya
European Research Studies Journal, Volume XXI, Issue 4, 317-330, 2018

Abstract:

Most countries of the world use a progressive scale to tax individuals. However, the level of taxprogression decreased a lot thanks to a lower number of rates and their fall in the first twodecades of the XXI-st century as liberal ideas had spread in the middle of the XX-th century.Individuals' income can be taxed either at a progressive or a flat scale of rates. At the sametime, there is no straightforward position, which scale to choose in the economic theory.Tying the personal income tax rate not to the absolute figures of income, but to suchcategories as a household's subsistence level, a budget of a household in comfortablecircumstances would be reasonable in conditions of a dynamic Russian market environmentburdened with inflationary phenomena. This model of the personal income tax and the use of a progressive scale in a city with population numbers of up to 20 million people shows that the tax will rise by a mere US $4.7 compared with the current 13% for low wage workers under the recommended model, while the income tax for medium paid workers will rise by US$ 57.8. At the same time the figure rose by US$ 372.9 for highly paid employees.The use of this model ensures a significant increase of budget income of a region and closureof the gap between wages of highly and low paid workers employed in the economy.


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